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The properties of Crude Oil

vary greatly depending on where in the world it is coming from and how it is extracted.  This is even truer today with the development of extreme processes of extraction such as fracking. Also, due to the fact that some of these fields are in remote locations, transportation of crude oil has become more complex; including pipelines, rail transit and truck tankers. Testing for properties such as vapor pressure, flash point and H2S content is very important for transportation safety concerns. Other methods; such as distillation, sulfur content, chlorides content and carbon content are important factors for determining the optimal processing parameters for producing usable products from the crude; with the least potential damage to refining equipment.