Jet and Aviation Fuel

Aviation turbine fuel is specified around the world largely by two specifications DefStan 91-91 and ASTM D1655.  As these two methods are jointed there is no appreciable difference in required test methods/properties.  One of the newest developments in these methods was the addition of a test for Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) allowed at wingtip for the fuel to be used.  You can find more information on this at our page for the FAME in Jet tester.

When, where and how fuels are tested for use is largely governed by organizations such as; 

 International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

Manual On Civil Aviation Jet Fuel Supply, 9977

Joint Inspection Group (JIG)


JIG-1 Aviation Fuel Quality Control and Operating Standards for Into-Plane Fuelling Services 

JIG-2 Aviation Fuel Quality Control and Operating Standards for Airport Depots.

JIG-4 Aviation Fuel Quality Control and Operating Standards for Smaller Airports.

American Petroleum Institute (API)

RP 1543 Documentation, Monitoring and Laboratory Testing of Aviation Fuel During Shipment from Refinery to Airport

RP 1595 Design, Construction, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Aviation Pre-Airfield Storage Terminals 

International Air Transport Association (IATA);

Airlines For America (A4A) 

Spec 103: Standard for Jet Fuel Quality Control at Airports

Following test methods used in ASTM D1655:

Distillation, D86

Flash Point, D56, D93 and D3828

Freezing Point, D5972 and D2386

Viscosity, D445

Corrosion, D130

Sulfur, D2622

Existent Gum, D381



FAME In Jet Fuel, IP583, D7797

Other Test Methods

Sizing and Counting Particles in Light and Middle Distillate Fuels, by Automatic Particle Counter, D7619

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