Jet and Aviation Fuel
Aviation turbine fuel is specified around the world largely by two specifications DefStan 91-091 and ASTM D1655 and is a complex mixture predominantly composed of hydrocarbons and varies depending on crude source and manufacturing process making it impossible to define the exact composition of Jet A/A-1. ASTM D1655 has therefore evolved primarily as a performance specification rather than a compositional specification.
One of the newest developments in these methods was the addition of a test for Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) allowed at wingtip for the fuel to be used. View our FIJI JF – FAME in Jet Instrument, SA5000-2 page for more information.
When, where and how fuels are tested for use is largely governed by organizations such as:
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
- Manual On Civil Aviation Jet Fuel Supply, 9977
- JIG-1 Aviation Fuel Quality Control and Operating Standards for Into-Plane Fueling Services
- JIG-2 Aviation Fuel Quality Control and Operating Standards for Airport Depots.
- JIG-4 Aviation Fuel Quality Control and Operating Standards for Smaller Airports.
American Petroleum Institute (API)
- RP 1543 Documentation, Monitoring and Laboratory Testing of Aviation Fuel During Shipment from Refinery to Airport
- RP 1595 Design, Construction, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Aviation Pre-Airfield Storage Terminals
International Air Transport Association (IATA)
- Spec 103: Standard for Jet Fuel Quality Control at Airports